Uffe Elbæk: Danmark skal give Edward Snowden asyl

Hatten af for Uffe Elbæk, der så vidt jeg ved er den eneste politiker fra et regeringsparti, der endnu har talt for at give Snowden asyl i Danmark.

Politiken skriver:

Den tidligere kulturminister Uffe Elbæk (R) ser gerne, at Danmark tilbyder den amerikanske whistleblower Edward Snowden, der for tiden er hovedperson i en udleveringssag mellem Rusland og USA, asyl.

»Jeg ville i hvert fald være stolt, hvis Danmark ville give Edward Snowden asyl. Det ville være en demokratisk markering af de store«, skriver Uffe Elbæk på Facebook i aften.

»Og er fuldstændig enig i skribentens holdning angående Snowden og skribentens forundring over den politiske stilhed, der har været her i Danmark om sagen«.

Jeg var faktisk ikke meget på linje med Elbæks kultursyn og synes ikke, han fik udrettet det store som kulturminister – men dette fortjener han ros for. Håber, at denne holdning vil brede sig også til ministrene.

Edward Snowdens erklæring om baggrunden for hans handlinger

Kilde: WikiLeaks.

Hello. My name is Ed Snowden. A little over one month ago, I had family, a home in paradise, and I lived in great comfort. I also had the capability without any warrant to search for, seize, and read your communications. Anyone’s communications at any time. That is the power to change people’s fates.

It is also a serious violation of the law. The 4th and 5th Amendments to the Constitution of my country, Article 12 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and numerous statutes and treaties forbid such systems of massive, pervasive surveillance. While the US Constitution marks these programs as illegal, my government argues that secret court rulings, which the world is not permitted to see, somehow legitimize an illegal affair. These rulings simply corrupt the most basic notion of justice – that it must be seen to be done. The immoral cannot be made moral through the use of secret law.

I believe in the principle declared at Nuremberg in 1945: “Individuals have international duties which transcend the national obligations of obedience. Therefore individual citizens have the duty to violate domestic laws to prevent crimes against peace and humanity from occurring.”

Accordingly, I did what I believed right and began a campaign to correct this wrongdoing. I did not seek to enrich myself. I did not seek to sell US secrets. I did not partner with any foreign government to guarantee my safety. Instead, I took what I knew to the public, so what affects all of us can be discussed by all of us in the light of day, and I asked the world for justice.

That moral decision to tell the public about spying that affects all of us has been costly, but it was the right thing to do and I have no regrets.

Since that time, the government and intelligence services of the United States of America have attempted to make an example of me, a warning to all others who might speak out as I have. I have been made stateless and hounded for my act of political expression. The United States Government has placed me on no-fly lists. It demanded Hong Kong return me outside of the framework of its laws, in direct violation of the principle of non-refoulement – the Law of Nations. It has threatened with sanctions countries who would stand up for my human rights and the UN asylum system. It has even taken the unprecedented step of ordering military allies to ground a Latin American president’s plane in search for a political refugee. These dangerous escalations represent a threat not just to the dignity of Latin America, but to the basic rights shared by every person, every nation, to live free from persecution, and to seek and enjoy asylum.

Yet even in the face of this historically disproportionate aggression, countries around the world have offered support and asylum. These nations, including Russia, Venezuela, Bolivia, Nicaragua, and Ecuador have my gratitude and respect for being the first to stand against human rights violations carried out by the powerful rather than the powerless. By refusing to compromise their principles in the face of intimidation, they have earned the respect of the world. It is my intention to travel to each of these countries to extend my personal thanks to their people and leaders.

I announce today my formal acceptance of all offers of support or asylum I have been extended and all others that may be offered in the future. With, for example, the grant of asylum provided by Venezuela’s President Maduro, my asylee status is now formal, and no state has a basis by which to limit or interfere with my right to enjoy that asylum. As we have seen, however, some governments in Western European and North American states have demonstrated a willingness to act outside the law, and this behavior persists today. This unlawful threat makes it impossible for me to travel to Latin America and enjoy the asylum granted there in accordance with our shared rights.

This willingness by powerful states to act extra-legally represents a threat to all of us, and must not be allowed to succeed. Accordingly, I ask for your assistance in requesting guarantees of safe passage from the relevant nations in securing my travel to Latin America, as well as requesting asylum in Russia until such time as these states accede to law and my legal travel is permitted. I will be submitting my request to Russia today, and hope it will be accepted favorably.

If you have any questions, I will answer what I can.

Thank you.

Onion Pi: Beskyt dit privatliv med et bærbart Tor-hotspot

Raspberry Pi + Tor + trådløst netkort er en kombination, som let og elegant kan befri dig for efterretningstjenesters og andres overvågning af din Internettrafik. Jeg har faktisk tit tænkt på at lave noget lignende.

Ideen beskrives nærmere hos Adafruit:

Feel like someone is snooping on you? Browse anonymously anywhere you go with the Onion Pi Tor proxy. This is fun weekend project that uses a Raspberry Pi, a USB WiFi adapter and Ethernet cable to create a small, low-power and portable privacy Pi.

Using it is easy-as-pie. First, plug the Ethernet cable into any Internet provider in your home, work, hotel or conference/event. Next, power up the Pi with the micro USB cable to your laptop or to the wall adapter. The Pi will boot up and create a new secure wireless access point called Onion Pi. Connecting to that access point will automatically route any web browsing from your computer through the anonymizing Tor network.

Who is this good for?

If you want to browse anonymously on a netbook, tablet, phone, or other mobile or console device that cannot run Tor and does not have an Ethernet connection. If you do not want to or cannot install Tor on your work laptop or loan computer. If you have a guest or friend who wants to use Tor but doesn’t have the ability or time to run Tor on their computer, this gift will make the first step much easier.

What is Tor?

Tor is an onion routing service – every internet packet goes through 3 layers of relays before going to your destination. This makes it much harder for the server you are accessing (or anyone snooping on your Internet use) to figure out who you are and where you are coming from. It is an excellent way to allow people who are blocked from accessing websites to get around those restritions.

According to the Tor website:

Journalists use Tor to communicate more safely with whistleblowers and dissidents. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) use Tor to allow their workers to connect to their home website while they’re in a foreign country, without notifying everybody nearby that they’re working with that organization.

Groups such as Indymedia recommend Tor for safeguarding their members’ online privacy and security. Activist groups like the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) recommend Tor as a mechanism for maintaining civil liberties online. Corporations use Tor as a safe way to conduct competitive analysis, and to protect sensitive procurement patterns from eavesdroppers. They also use it to replace traditional VPNs, which reveal the exact amount and timing of communication. Which locations have employees working late? Which locations have employees consulting job-hunting websites? Which research divisions are communicating with the company’s patent lawyers?

A branch of the U.S. Navy uses Tor for open source intelligence gathering, and one of its teams used Tor while deployed in the Middle East recently. Law enforcement uses Tor for visiting or surveilling web sites without leaving government IP addresses in their web logs, and for security during sting operations.

Via Boing Boing.

Aarhus Hovedbibliotek afholder gratis workshops om Ubuntu

Århus Hovedbibliotek har fra 1. april udskiftet Windows-styresystemet med Ubuntu på de fleste af bibliotekets publikums-PC’er og fejrer det med en imponerende række af gratis workshops, som de arrangerer med hjælp fra frivillige fra Ubuntu Randers.

Det skriver biblioteket i en pressemeddelelse, hvor det også fremgår, at det er ret mange workshops, de har lokket de gode frivillige til at afholde:

Et nyt styresystem medfører anderledes funktioner og arbejdsgange på pc’en. Fra onsdag den 10. til lørdag den 21. april gør Hovedbiblioteket en ekstra indsats for at udbrede kendskabet til Ubuntu.

Inkarnerede UBUNTU-brugere fra UBUNTU Randers vil afholde workshops, hvor emnerne vil være:

Onsdag 10. april kl. 12.00-13.30
Kom i gang med Ubuntu
Ubuntu er et open source styrestystem, som alle gratis kan hente. Kom og hør hvordan Ubuntu funge-rer og hvilke muligheder Ubuntu giver?

Onsdag 10. april kl. 16.00-17.30
GIMP for begyndere
GIMP er et billedbehandlingsprogram, hvor du kan redigere og forbedre dine billeder. Hør om, og prøv de mest basale muligheder med GIMP.

Lørdag 13. april kl. 12.00-13.30
GIMP for øvede
GIMP er et billedbehandlingsprogram, hvor du kan redigere og forbedre dine billeder professionelt. Du kan desuden male/tegne i programmet. Kom og prøv nogle af de avancerede muligheder.

Mandag 15. april kl. 16.00-17.30
LibreOffice for begyndere.
Kom og hør, hvilke muligheder LibreOffices tekstbehandlingsprogram tilbyder. Fokus er på de grund-læggende muligheder.

Tirsdag 16. april kl. 16.00-17.30
LibreOffice for begyndere.
Kom og hør, hvilke muligheder LibreOffices tekstbehandlingsprogram tilbyder. Fokus er på de grund-læggende muligheder.

Onsdag 17. april kl. 12.00-13.30
Kom i gang med Ubuntu.
Ubuntu er et open source styrestystem, som alle gratis kan hente. Hvordan fungerer Ubuntu? Og hvil-ke muligheder er der med Ubuntu?

Onsdag 17. april kl. 16.00-17.30
LibreOffice for øvede.
Kom og hør, hvilke muligheder LibreOffices tekstbehandlingsprogram tilbyder. Fokus er på de mere avancerede muligheder.

Torsdag 18. april kl. 16.00-17.30
LibreOffice for øvede.
Kom og hør, hvilke muligheder LibreOffices tekstbehandlingsprogram tilbyder. Fokus er på de mere avancerede muligheder.

Lørdag 20. april kl. 12.00-13.30
Kom i gang med Ubuntu.
Ubuntu er et open source styrestystem, som alle gratis kan hente. Hvordan fungerer Ubuntu? Og hvil-ke muligheder er der med Ubuntu?

Find os og Ubuntu på Byggepladsen i Hovedbibliotekets forhal hver dag fra kl. 10 – 16. Byggepladsen fungerer i samme periode også somåbent IT-værksted, hvor du kan få hjælp til elementære it-problemer eller til at blive digital med det offentlige.
Aktiviteter og workshops på Byggepladsen annonceres løbende på www.aakb.dk.

Der er gratis entré, og tilmelding er ikke nødvendig.

Dette er en rigtig god nyhed for udbredelsen af fri software i Danmark. Hvis du selv overvejer at skifte til Ubuntu og ikke ved, hvordan du skal komme i gang, er det bare med at komme ned på Hovebiblioteket og deltage i en workshop eller to!

Mark Shuttleworth: Ubuntu vil gøre fri software til normen

Ubuntu-projektets Mark Shuttleworth skriver i et indlæg om projektets fremtid, at formålet med at lave en brugervenlig GNU/Linux-distribution og gøre den tilgængelig overalt er at gøre fri software til reglen frem for undtagelsen – altså overalt og ikke bare på de mere tekniske områder:

Everyone that I care about in open source has a shared dream: they want free software to become the norm, not the exception. And Ubuntu is the only way I can see for that to happen, which is why I spend all my time on it, and why so many other people spend huge amounts of time on it too.

I simply have zero interest in the crowd who wants to be different. Leet. ‘Linux is supposed to be hard so it’s exclusive’ is just the dumbest thing that a smart person could say. People being people, there are of course smart people who hold that view.

What I’m really interested in is this once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to create a free and open platform that is THE LEADER across both consumer and enterprise computing.

With Ubuntu (and Unity) we have that. It’s amazing. Think about it – unlike years gone by, a free software platform is actually winning awards for innovative leadership in the categories that count: mobile, cloud. Investing your time and energy here might have a truly profound impact on the world. That’s worth digging into. Just roll your eyeballs at the 1337 crowd, roll up your sleeves, find something interesting to improve, and join in. To the extent that you can master a piece, you will get what you want. If you think the grand vision should follow your whims, you won’t.

If we work hard, and work together, Ubuntu will become a widespread platform for phones, tablets and PCs. You’ll have the satisfaction of designing, building and fixing tools that are used every day by millions of people. That’s meaningful. And it’s worth looking hard at our practices to ask the question: how best to achieve that goal? Of those practices, interim releases are just as subject to evaluation and revision as any other.

Du kan læse mere om fri software og Ubuntu her. Det interessante er, at projektet synes at om ikke ligefrem lykkes (proprietære systemer som Windows og Apples OSX er desværre stadig mere udbredte) så dog at omdefinere, hvad det er muligt at gøre med computere i disse år.

Links om kryptering og privatliv

I no particular order.

Og så er der naturligvis de gode gamle:

Om farerne ved Facebook og Twitter mv

Cryptoparty handbook, kapitel 2:

Social Networking as we know it with FaceBook, Twitter (and earlier MySpace) are certainly far from ‘free’. Rather, these are businesses that seek to develop upon, and then exploit, a very basic anxiety: the fear of social irrelevance. As social animals we can’t bear the idea of missing out and so many find themselves placing their most intimate expressions onto a businessman’s hard-disk, buried deep in a data center in another country – one they will never be allowed to visit.

Despite this many would argue that the social warmth and personal validation acquired through engagement with Social Networks well out-weighs the potential loss of privacy. Such a statement however is only valid when the full extent of the risks are known.

The risks of Social Networking on a person’s basic right to privacy are defined by:

  • The scope and intimacy of the user’s individual contributions.
    • A user posting frequently and including many personal details constructs a body of information of greater use for targeted marketing.
  • The preparedness of the user to take social risks.
    • A user making social connections uncritically is at greater risk from predators and social engineering attacks.
  • The economic interests and partners of the organisation providing the service.
    • Commissioned studies from clients, data mining, sentiment analysis.
  • Political/legal demands exerted by the State against the organisation in the jurisdiction(s) in which it is resident.
    • Court orders for data on a particular user (whether civilian or foreigner).
    • Surveillance agendas by law enforcement or partners of the organisation.
    • Sentiment analysis: projections of political intent.

Problemet er måske størst ved Facebook, hvor nogle mennesker anbringer dokumentation for overraskende mængder af private forhold. Dette er ikke mindre alvorligt i betragtning af, at netop Facebook gang på gang har demonstreret, at de ikke er til at stole på, hvad diverse privatlivsindstillinger angår. Hvis du har ting og billeder på sådanne sider, som du ville have det dårligt med at alle kan se i morgen, når det private firma, der tjener penge på dig og dine data, har ændret reglerne, er det måske værd at overveje, hvor god en idé det er at have dem der.

Jeg bruger selv sociale medier, så det er ikke for at være hellig – men som med alt i dette liv er det en afvejning. Og du har aldrig kunnet forvente andet, end at i morgen kan enhver privatlivsbeskyttelse på sådanne sider være pist væk, og det kan måske have større konsekvenser, end de fleste lige gør sig klart.

Dette primært for lige at berøre et emne, vi formentlig ikke når at dække (i hvert fald ikke tilfredsstillende) til det kommende Cryptoparty på Hovedbiblioteket i Århus.

Spilproducenten Valve opfordrer sine brugere til at installere Ubuntu

Steam asking people to install Ubuntu

Hvis du er Windows-bruger og går ind på den store spilproducent Valves hjemmeside Steam, gør de dig ikke alene opmærksom på, at man nu kan downloade en beta-udgave af deres Steam-system, som gør det muligt at spille deres spil – de opfordrer dig til at skifte til Ubuntu for at prøve det, komplet med et link til download af Ubuntu 12.04 LTS!

Jeg mener personligt stadig, at det er et problem, at de bagvedliggende programmer (i modsætning til selve spillene) ikke er fri software, men i betragtning af, hvor stort et problem det har været med spil på Ubuntu og GNU/Linux i almindelighed, er det en meget velkommen udvikling, at så stor en spiller som Valve (producent af bl.a. CounterStrike) nu er på banen med deres Steam-platform. Selvom Steam (endnu?) ikke er fri software, vil dette skridt helt klart gør det lettere også for gamere at bruge fri software i det daglige.

Via Ubuntu Vibes.

RIP Aaron Swartz (1986-2013)

Hvis du nogensinde har brugt et RSS-feed til at læse en blog på nettet, har du brugt Swartz’ arbejde.

Og hvis du bekymrer dig om din frihed i vor moderne tidsalder, bør du vide at Swartz måske begik selvmord under indtryk af retsvæsnets helt uproportionale forfølgelse af, hvad der i bund og grund var ment som et slag for friheden på nettet.

Og læs Cory Doctorows nekrolog over Swartz: RIP, Aaron Swartz.